PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID AT4G37750.1
Common NameANT, CKC, CKC1, DRG, OVM, T28I19.30
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
Family AP2
Protein Properties Length: 555aa    MW: 61724.9 Da    PI: 7.8658
Description AP2 family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
AT4G37750.1genomeTAIRView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
          AP2   1 55 
                  s+y+GV++++++gr++A+++d   +  g  ++ ++++lg ++ +e+Aa+a++ a++k++g
                  78*******************644456687446*************************98 PP

          AP2   1 sgykGVrwdkkrgrWvAeIrdpsengkrkrfslgkfgtaeeAakaaiaarkkleg 55 
                  s y+GV+++++ grW A+I  +     +k  +lg+fgt eeAa+a++ a+ k++g
                  57****************988532...5************************998 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
SuperFamilySSF541712.29E-16282350IPR016177DNA-binding domain
CDDcd000183.12E-21282348No hitNo description
PfamPF008476.5E-13282341IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.102.2E-15283349IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003801.5E-26283355IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PROSITE profilePS5103218.755283349IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003671.2E-6284295IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SuperFamilySSF541716.54E-18384444IPR016177DNA-binding domain
CDDcd000181.01E-25384445No hitNo description
PfamPF008471.7E-11384435IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.102.3E-18385443IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003803.8E-34385449IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PROSITE profilePS5103218.966385443IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003671.2E-6425445IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0007276Biological Processgamete generation
GO:0009908Biological Processflower development
GO:0010492Biological Processmaintenance of shoot apical meristem identity
GO:0030154Biological Processcell differentiation
GO:0042127Biological Processregulation of cell proliferation
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003677Molecular FunctionDNA binding
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
Plant Ontology ? help Back to Top
PO Term PO Category PO Description
PO:0000013anatomycauline leaf
PO:0000037anatomyshoot apex
PO:0000230anatomyinflorescence meristem
PO:0000293anatomyguard cell
PO:0008019anatomyleaf lamina base
PO:0009006anatomyshoot system
PO:0009009anatomyplant embryo
PO:0009025anatomyvascular leaf
PO:0009052anatomyflower pedicel
PO:0020137anatomyleaf apex
PO:0025022anatomycollective leaf structure
PO:0001054developmental stagevascular leaf senescent stage
PO:0001078developmental stageplant embryo cotyledonary stage
PO:0001081developmental stagemature plant embryo stage
PO:0001185developmental stageplant embryo globular stage
PO:0004507developmental stageplant embryo bilateral stage
PO:0007098developmental stageLP.02 two leaves visible stage
PO:0007115developmental stageLP.04 four leaves visible stage
PO:0007611developmental stagepetal differentiation and expansion stage
PO:0007616developmental stageflowering stage
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 555 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
Expression -- UniGene ? help Back to Top
UniGene ID E-value Expressed in
At.15560.0flower| root
Expression -- Microarray ? help Back to Top
Source ID E-value
Expression AtlasAT4G37750-
Expression -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniprotDEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Expressed in floral primordia, in STM-negative region, then in sepal primordia. As sepal develops, progressively confined to a basal core before disappearing. Present in stamen primordia, then confined to a central region as they become stalked and develop locules. Later reduced to procambial cells as stamen mature. From petal primordia, expressed on the lateral edges of developing petals and finally confined to petal epidermis before disappearing. Present in carpel primordia, then in inner side of carpels especially in the placenta. Strong levels in ovules primordia and young ovules, then localized in integuments initiation zone before being confined to inner integument cells that will differentiate into the endothelium. Expressed in the distal half of the funiculus throughout ovule development and later extends into the chalaza. After fertilization, expression shift to the embryo. First on the apical part at the globular stage, then in cotyledons primordia, and later in cotyledons during the torpedo stage. As cotyledons grow out, expression becomes limited to a plane separating adaxial and abaxial parts. Excluded from the embryonic central region (ECR). In seedlings, found in leaf primordia then in central and lateral actively developing regions of extending leaves. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10656774, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742707, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9671577}.
UniprotTISSUE SPECIFICITY: Mostly expressed in developing flowers. Also present in mature flowers, siliques and seedlings, but not in mature roots, leaves and stems. Expressed in ovules and in vegetative and floral primordia. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15988559, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742707}.
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
TAIRANT is required for control of cell proliferation and encodes a putative transcriptional regulator similar to AP2. Loss of function alleles have reduced fertility, abnormal ovules and abnormal lateral organs. Expressed specifically in the chalaza and in floral organ primordia.
UniProtTranscription activator that recognizes and binds to the DNA consensus sequence 5'-CAC[AG]N[AT]TNCCNANG-3'. Required for the initiation and growth of ovules integumenta, and for the development of female gametophyte. Plays a critical role in the development of gynoecium marginal tissues (e.g. stigma, style and septa), and in the fusion of carpels and of medial ridges leading to ovule primordia. Also involved in organs initiation and development, including floral organs. Maintains the meristematic competence of cells and consequently sustains expression of cell cycle regulators during organogenesis, thus controlling the final size of each organ by controlling their cell number. Regulates INO autoinduction and expression pattern. As ANT promotes petal cell identity and mediates down-regulation of AG in flower whorl 2, it functions as a class A homeotic gene. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10528263, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10639184, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10948255, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11041883, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12183381, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12271029, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12655002, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742707, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9001406, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9093862, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9118807}.
Function -- GeneRIF ? help Back to Top
  1. ANT is nuclear localized and that the sequence KKKR (amino acids 252-255) is required for nuclear localization of the protein.
    [PMID: 16523347]
  2. ANT acts in combination with the YABBY gene FILAMENTOUS FLOWER (FIL) to promote organ polarity by up-regulating the expression of the adaxial-specifying HD-ZIP gene PHABULOSA.
    [PMID: 16714408]
  3. SEU and ANT are part of a complex and robust molecular system that coordinates patterning cues and cellular proliferation along the three positional axes of the developing gynoecium.
    [PMID: 18184731]
  4. A combined action of ANT and CYCD3;1 promotes cell proliferation in leaf primordia and increases leaf size.
    [PMID: 19508432]
  5. ANT and AIL6 are important regulators of floral growth and patterning and that they may act downstream of auxin in these processes.
    [PMID: 19542297]
  6. The stk shp1 shp2 ant quadruple mutant ovule lacks integument development as in ant single mutant.
    [PMID: 20041269]
  7. SEUSS (SEU) and AINTEGUMENTA (ANT) encode transcriptional regulators that are critical for the proper formation of ovules from the carpel margin meristem (CMM).
    [PMID: 22031826]
  8. ANT, AIL6 and AIL7 are expressed in distinct domains within the vegetative shoot apical meristem. Triple mutant shoot apical meristems exhibit morphological and cell division defects.
    [PMID: 22380923]
  9. these three transcription factors LFY, ANT and AIL6/PLT3 are redundantly required for flower primordium initiation.
    [PMID: 23375585]
  10. CUC1, CUC2, and AINTEGUMENTA have additive effects on ovule primordia formation.
    [PMID: 23941199]
  11. Overexpression of AtANT in Antirrhinum caused increased flower size via increased petal limb width and tube length.
    [PMID: 24985495]
  12. ANT does not regulate CYCD3;1 during petal growth.
    [PMID: 25948704]
  13. ANT is a novel regulator of salt stress and that ANT binds to the SCABP8 promoter, mediating salt tolerance.
    [PMID: 26054800]
  14. ANT and AIL6 directly induce LFY expression in response to auxin to promote the onset of flower formation.
    [PMID: 26537561]
  15. ANT regulates biological pathways that are critical for cell wall remodeling and defense.
    [PMID: 27208279]
Binding Motif ? help Back to Top
Motif ID Method Source Motif file
Motif logo
Cis-element ? help Back to Top
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Upstream Regulators) ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT1G23420 (A), AT1G55580 (A), AT2G17950 (A), AT5G23000 (A), AT5G62000 (R)
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Target Genes) ? help Back to Top
Source Target Gene (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT1G23420(A), AT1G69180(R), AT2G34710(A), AT2G45190(A), AT3G54340(A), AT4G00180(A), AT4G18960(R), AT4G27330(A), AT4G34160(A), AT5G60690(A), AT5G61850(A)
Phenotype -- Mutation ? help Back to Top
Source ID
T-DNA ExpressAT4G37750
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankATU402560.0U40256.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ovule development protein (AINTEGUMENTA) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankATU413390.0U41339.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ANT (AINTEGUMENTA) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankAY0807060.0AY080706.1 Arabidopsis thaliana putative ovule development protein aintegumenta (At4g37750) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankAY1172070.0AY117207.1 Arabidopsis thaliana putative ovule development protein aintegumenta (At4g37750) mRNA, complete cds.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqNP_195489.10.0Integrase-type DNA-binding superfamily protein
SwissprotQ389140.0ANT_ARATH; AP2-like ethylene-responsive transcription factor ANT
STRINGAT4G37750.10.0(Arabidopsis thaliana)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
Representative plantOGRP11217209
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Byzova MV, et al.
    Arabidopsis STERILE APETALA, a multifunctional gene regulating inflorescence, flower, and ovule development.
    Genes Dev., 1999. 13(8): p. 1002-14
  2. Krizek BA
    Ectopic expression of AINTEGUMENTA in Arabidopsis plants results in increased growth of floral organs.
    Dev. Genet., 1999. 25(3): p. 224-36
  3. Villanueva JM, et al.
    INNER NO OUTER regulates abaxial- adaxial patterning in Arabidopsis ovules.
    Genes Dev., 1999. 13(23): p. 3160-9
  4. Mizukami Y,Fischer RL
    Plant organ size control: AINTEGUMENTA regulates growth and cell numbers during organogenesis.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2000. 97(2): p. 942-7
  5. Long J,Barton MK
    Initiation of axillary and floral meristems in Arabidopsis.
    Dev. Biol., 2000. 218(2): p. 341-53
  6. Broadhvest J,Baker SC,Gasser CS
    SHORT INTEGUMENTS 2 promotes growth during Arabidopsis reproductive development.
    Genetics, 2000. 155(2): p. 899-907
  7. Krizek BA,Prost V,Macias A
    AINTEGUMENTA promotes petal identity and acts as a negative regulator of AGAMOUS.
    Plant Cell, 2000. 12(8): p. 1357-66
  8. Balasubramanian S,Schneitz K
    NOZZLE regulates proximal-distal pattern formation, cell proliferation and early sporogenesis during ovule development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Development, 2000. 127(19): p. 4227-38
  9. Liu Z,Franks RG,Klink VP
    Regulation of gynoecium marginal tissue formation by LEUNIG and AINTEGUMENTA.
    Plant Cell, 2000. 12(10): p. 1879-92
  10. Nole-Wilson S,Krizek BA
    DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
    Nucleic Acids Res., 2000. 28(21): p. 4076-82
  11. Vernoux T,Kronenberger J,Grandjean O,Laufs P,Traas J
    PIN-FORMED 1 regulates cell fate at the periphery of the shoot apical meristem.
    Development, 2000. 127(23): p. 5157-65
  12. Riechmann JL, et al.
    Arabidopsis transcription factors: genome-wide comparative analysis among eukaryotes.
    Science, 2000. 290(5499): p. 2105-10
  13. Mizukami Y
    A matter of size: developmental control of organ size in plants.
    Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 2001. 4(6): p. 533-9
  14. Goff SA, et al.
    A draft sequence of the rice genome (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica).
    Science, 2002. 296(5565): p. 92-100
  15. Gross-Hardt R,Lenhard M,Laux T
    WUSCHEL signaling functions in interregional communication during Arabidopsis ovule development.
    Genes Dev., 2002. 16(9): p. 1129-38
  16. Balasubramanian S,Schneitz K
    NOZZLE links proximal-distal and adaxial-abaxial pattern formation during ovule development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Development, 2002. 129(18): p. 4291-300
  17. Reiser L,Fischer RL
    The Ovule and the Embryo Sac.
    Plant Cell, 1993. 5(10): p. 1291-1301
  18. Krizek BA
    AINTEGUMENTA utilizes a mode of DNA recognition distinct from that used by proteins containing a single AP2 domain.
    Nucleic Acids Res., 2003. 31(7): p. 1859-68
  19. Alvarez-Venegas R, et al.
    ATX-1, an Arabidopsis homolog of trithorax, activates flower homeotic genes.
    Curr. Biol., 2003. 13(8): p. 627-37
  20. Durfee T, et al.
    The F-box-containing protein UFO and AGAMOUS participate in antagonistic pathways governing early petal development in Arabidopsis.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2003. 100(14): p. 8571-6
  21. Hu Y,Xie Q,Chua NH
    The Arabidopsis auxin-inducible gene ARGOS controls lateral organ size.
    Plant Cell, 2003. 15(9): p. 1951-61
  22. Yamada K, et al.
    Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis genome.
    Science, 2003. 302(5646): p. 842-6
  23. Meister RJ, et al.
    Definition and interactions of a positive regulatory element of the Arabidopsis INNER NO OUTER promoter.
    Plant J., 2004. 37(3): p. 426-38
  24. Shigyo M,Ito M
    Analysis of gymnosperm two-AP2-domain-containing genes.
    Dev. Genes Evol., 2004. 214(3): p. 105-14
  25. Gallois JL,Nora FR,Mizukami Y,Sablowski R
    WUSCHEL induces shoot stem cell activity and developmental plasticity in the root meristem.
    Genes Dev., 2004. 18(4): p. 375-80
  26. Jack T
    Molecular and genetic mechanisms of floral control.
    Plant Cell, 2004. 16 Suppl: p. S1-17
  27. Skinner DJ,Hill TA,Gasser CS
    Regulation of ovule development.
    Plant Cell, 2004. 16 Suppl: p. S32-45
  28. Magnani E,Sj
    From endonucleases to transcription factors: evolution of the AP2 DNA binding domain in plants.
    Plant Cell, 2004. 16(9): p. 2265-77
  29. Sieber P, et al.
    Pattern formation during early ovule development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Dev. Biol., 2004. 273(2): p. 321-34
  30. Kajiwara T,Furutani M,Hibara K,Tasaka M
    The GURKE gene encoding an acetyl-CoA carboxylase is required for partitioning the embryo apex into three subregions in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2004. 45(9): p. 1122-8
  31. Rieu I,Bots M,Mariani C,Weterings KA
    Isolation and expression analysis of a tobacco AINTEGUMENTA ortholog (NtANTL).
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2005. 46(5): p. 803-5
  32. Clay NK,Nelson T
    The recessive epigenetic swellmap mutation affects the expression of two step II splicing factors required for the transcription of the cell proliferation gene STRUWWELPETER and for the timing of cell cycle arrest in the Arabidopsis leaf.
    Plant Cell, 2005. 17(7): p. 1994-2008
  33. Nole-Wilson S,Tranby TL,Krizek BA
    AINTEGUMENTA-like (AIL) genes are expressed in young tissues and may specify meristematic or division-competent states.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2005. 57(5): p. 613-28
  34. Kim S,Soltis PS,Wall K,Soltis DE
    Phylogeny and domain evolution in the APETALA2-like gene family.
    Mol. Biol. Evol., 2006. 23(1): p. 107-20
  35. Horiguchi G,Ferjani A,Fujikura U,Tsukaya H
    Coordination of cell proliferation and cell expansion in the control of leaf size in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    J. Plant Res., 2006. 119(1): p. 37-42
  36. Nakano T,Suzuki K,Fujimura T,Shinshi H
    Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
    Plant Physiol., 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32
  37. Keller T,Abbott J,Moritz T,Doerner P
    Arabidopsis REGULATOR OF AXILLARY MERISTEMS1 controls a leaf axil stem cell niche and modulates vegetative development.
    Plant Cell, 2006. 18(3): p. 598-611
  38. Krizek BA,Sulli C
    Mapping sequences required for nuclear localization and the transcriptional activation function of the Arabidopsis protein AINTEGUMENTA.
    Planta, 2006. 224(3): p. 612-21
  39. Nole-Wilson S,Krizek BA
    AINTEGUMENTA contributes to organ polarity and regulates growth of lateral organs in combination with YABBY genes.
    Plant Physiol., 2006. 141(3): p. 977-87
  40. Hu Y,Poh HM,Chua NH
    The Arabidopsis ARGOS-LIKE gene regulates cell expansion during organ growth.
    Plant J., 2006. 47(1): p. 1-9
  41. Balanz
    Patterning the female side of Arabidopsis: the importance of hormones.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2006. 57(13): p. 3457-69
  42. Kang J,Mizukami Y,Wang H,Fowke L,Dengler NG
    Modification of cell proliferation patterns alters leaf vein architecture in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Planta, 2007. 226(5): p. 1207-18
  43. Wijeratne AJ, et al.
    Differential gene expression in Arabidopsis wild-type and mutant anthers: insights into anther cell differentiation and regulatory networks.
    Plant J., 2007. 52(1): p. 14-29
  44. Brambilla V, et al.
    Genetic and molecular interactions between BELL1 and MADS box factors support ovule development in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2007. 19(8): p. 2544-56
  45. Dewitte W, et al.
    Arabidopsis CYCD3 D-type cyclins link cell proliferation and endocycles and are rate-limiting for cytokinin responses.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2007. 104(36): p. 14537-42
  46. Azhakanandam S,Nole-Wilson S,Bao F,Franks RG
    SEUSS and AINTEGUMENTA mediate patterning and ovule initiation during gynoecium medial domain development.
    Plant Physiol., 2008. 146(3): p. 1165-81
  47. Sicard A,Petit J,Mouras A,Chevalier C,Hernould M
    Meristem activity during flower and ovule development in tomato is controlled by the mini zinc finger gene INHIBITOR OF MERISTEM ACTIVITY.
    Plant J., 2008. 55(3): p. 415-27
  48. Guan H,Kang D,Fan M,Chen Z,Qu LJ
    Overexpression of a new putative membrane protein gene AtMRB1 results in organ size enlargement in Arabidopsis.
    J Integr Plant Biol, 2009. 51(2): p. 130-9
  49. Delgado-Benarroch L,Causier B,Weiss J,Egea-Cortines M
    FORMOSA controls cell division and expansion during floral development in Antirrhinum majus.
    Planta, 2009. 229(6): p. 1219-29
  50. Skinner DJ,Gasser CS
    Expression-based discovery of candidate ovule development regulators through transcriptional profiling of ovule mutants.
    BMC Plant Biol., 2009. 9: p. 29
  51. Horiguchi G,Gonzalez N,Beemster GT,Inz
    Impact of segmental chromosomal duplications on leaf size in the grandifolia-D mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Plant J., 2009. 60(1): p. 122-33
  52. Krizek B
    AINTEGUMENTA and AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6 act redundantly to regulate Arabidopsis floral growth and patterning.
    Plant Physiol., 2009. 150(4): p. 1916-29
  53. Gong W, et al.
    The development of protein microarrays and their applications in DNA-protein and protein-protein interaction analyses of Arabidopsis transcription factors.
    Mol Plant, 2008. 1(1): p. 27-41
  54. Colombo M, et al.
    A new role for the SHATTERPROOF genes during Arabidopsis gynoecium development.
    Dev. Biol., 2010. 337(2): p. 294-302
  55. Losa A,Colombo M,Brambilla V,Colombo L
    Genetic interaction between AINTEGUMENTA (ANT) and the ovule identity genes SEEDSTICK (STK), SHATTERPROOF1 (SHP1) and SHATTERPROOF2 (SHP2).
    Sex. Plant Reprod., 2010. 23(2): p. 115-21
  56. Roudier F, et al.
    Very-long-chain fatty acids are involved in polar auxin transport and developmental patterning in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2010. 22(2): p. 364-75
  57. Wu B, et al.
    Over-expression of mango (Mangifera indica L.) MiARF2 inhibits root and hypocotyl growth of Arabidopsis.
    Mol. Biol. Rep., 2011. 38(5): p. 3189-94
  58. Brown RH,Nickrent DL,Gasser CS
    Expression of ovule and integument-associated genes in reduced ovules of Santalales.
    Evol. Dev., 2010 Mar-Apr. 12(2): p. 231-40
  59. Nole-Wilson S,Azhakanandam S,Franks RG
    Polar auxin transport together with aintegumenta and revoluta coordinate early Arabidopsis gynoecium development.
    Dev. Biol., 2010. 346(2): p. 181-95
  60. Holst K,Schm
    Enhanced cytokinin degradation in leaf primordia of transgenic Arabidopsis plants reduces leaf size and shoot organ primordia formation.
    J. Plant Physiol., 2011. 168(12): p. 1328-34
  61. Krizek BA
    Aintegumenta and Aintegumenta-Like6 regulate auxin-mediated flower development in Arabidopsis.
    BMC Res Notes, 2011. 4: p. 176
  62. Wynn AN,Rueschhoff EE,Franks RG
    Transcriptomic characterization of a synergistic genetic interaction during carpel margin meristem development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    PLoS ONE, 2011. 6(10): p. e26231
  63. Krizek BA,Eaddy M
    AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6 regulates cellular differentiation in flowers.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2012. 78(3): p. 199-209
  64. Engstrom EM
    HAM proteins promote organ indeterminacy: but how?
    Plant Signal Behav, 2012. 7(2): p. 227-34
  65. Mudunkothge JS,Krizek BA
    Three Arabidopsis AIL/PLT genes act in combination to regulate shoot apical meristem function.
    Plant J., 2012. 71(1): p. 108-21
  66. Heyndrickx KS,Vandepoele K
    Systematic identification of functional plant modules through the integration of complementary data sources.
    Plant Physiol., 2012. 159(3): p. 884-901
  67. Aoyama T, et al.
    AP2-type transcription factors determine stem cell identity in the moss Physcomitrella patens.
    Development, 2012. 139(17): p. 3120-9
  68. Huang HY, et al.
    BR signal influences Arabidopsis ovule and seed number through regulating related genes expression by BZR1.
    Mol Plant, 2013. 6(2): p. 456-69
  69. Yamaguchi N, et al.
    A molecular framework for auxin-mediated initiation of flower primordia.
    Dev. Cell, 2013. 24(3): p. 271-82
  70. Galbiati F, et al.
    An integrative model of the control of ovule primordia formation.
    Plant J., 2013. 76(3): p. 446-55
  71. Horstman A,Willemsen V,Boutilier K,Heidstra R
    AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE proteins: hubs in a plethora of networks.
    Trends Plant Sci., 2014. 19(3): p. 146-57
  72. Li C, et al.
    Ectopic expression of a maize hybrid down-regulated gene ZmARF25 decreases organ size by affecting cellular proliferation in Arabidopsis.
    PLoS ONE, 2014. 9(4): p. e94830
  73. Wynn AN,Seaman AA,Jones AL,Franks RG
    Novel functional roles for PERIANTHIA and SEUSS during floral organ identity specification, floral meristem termination, and gynoecial development.
    Front Plant Sci, 2014. 5: p. 130
  74. Manchado-Rojo M,Weiss J,Egea-Cortines M
    Validation of Aintegumenta as a gene to modify floral size in ornamental plants.
    Plant Biotechnol. J., 2014. 12(8): p. 1053-65
  75. Jin J, et al.
    An Arabidopsis Transcriptional Regulatory Map Reveals Distinct Functional and Evolutionary Features of Novel Transcription Factors.
    Mol. Biol. Evol., 2015. 32(7): p. 1767-73
  76. Randall RS,Sornay E,Dewitte W,Murray JA
    AINTEGUMENTA and the D-type cyclin CYCD3;1 independently contribute to petal size control in Arabidopsis: evidence for organ size compensation being an emergent rather than a determined property.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2015. 66(13): p. 3991-4000
  77. Meng LS,Wang YB,Yao SQ,Liu A
    Arabidopsis AINTEGUMENTA mediates salt tolerance by trans-repressing SCABP8.
    J. Cell. Sci., 2015. 128(15): p. 2919-27
  78. Randall RS, et al.
    AINTEGUMENTA and the D-type cyclin CYCD3;1 regulate root secondary growth and respond to cytokinins.
    Biol Open, 2015. 4(10): p. 1229-36
  79. Meng LS,Wang ZB,Yao SQ,Liu A
    The ARF2-ANT-COR15A gene cascade regulates ABA-signaling-mediated resistance of large seeds to drought in Arabidopsis.
    J. Cell. Sci., 2015. 128(21): p. 3922-32
  80. Yamaguchi N,Jeong CW,Nole-Wilson S,Krizek BA,Wagner D
    AINTEGUMENTA and AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6/PLETHORA3 Induce LEAFY Expression in Response to Auxin to Promote the Onset of Flower Formation in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2016. 170(1): p. 283-93
  81. Krizek BA, et al.
    RNA-Seq Links the Transcription Factors AINTEGUMENTA and AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6 to Cell Wall Remodeling and Plant Defense Pathways.
    Plant Physiol., 2016. 171(3): p. 2069-84
  82. Han H,Krizek BA
    AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6 can functionally replace AINTEGUMENTA but alters Arabidopsis flower development when misexpressed at high levels.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2016. 92(4-5): p. 597-612
  83. Karpinska B,Alomrani SO,Foyer CH
    Inhibitor-induced oxidation of the nucleus and cytosol in Arabidopsis thaliana: implications for organelle to nucleus retrograde signalling.
    Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci., 2018.
  84. Li B, et al.
    Network-Guided Discovery of Extensive Epistasis between Transcription Factors Involved in Aliphatic Glucosinolate Biosynthesis.
    Plant Cell, 2018. 30(1): p. 178-195
  85. Klucher KM,Chow H,Reiser L,Fischer RL
    The AINTEGUMENTA gene of Arabidopsis required for ovule and female gametophyte development is related to the floral homeotic gene APETALA2.
    Plant Cell, 1996. 8(2): p. 137-53
  86. Elliott RC, et al.
    AINTEGUMENTA, an APETALA2-like gene of Arabidopsis with pleiotropic roles in ovule development and floral organ growth.
    Plant Cell, 1996. 8(2): p. 155-68
  87. Moose SP,Sisco PH
    Glossy15, an APETALA2-like gene from maize that regulates leaf epidermal cell identity.
    Genes Dev., 1996. 10(23): p. 3018-27
  88. Vergani P,Morandini P,Soave C
    Complementation of a yeast delta pkc1 mutant by the Arabidopsis proteinANT.
    FEBS Lett., 1997. 400(2): p. 243-6
  89. Stockinger EJ,Gilmour SJ,Thomashow MF
    Arabidopsis thaliana CBF1 encodes an AP2 domain-containing transcriptional activator that binds to the C-repeat/DRE, a cis-acting DNA regulatory element that stimulates transcription in response to low temperature and water deficit.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 1997. 94(3): p. 1035-40
  90. Baker SC,Robinson-Beers K,Villanueva JM,Gaiser JC,Gasser CS
    Interactions among genes regulating ovule development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Genetics, 1997. 145(4): p. 1109-24
  91. Schneitz K,H
    Dissection of sexual organ ontogenesis: a genetic analysis of ovule development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Development, 1997. 124(7): p. 1367-76
  92. Okamuro JK,Caster B,Villarroel R,Van Montagu M,Jofuku KD
    The AP2 domain of APETALA2 defines a large new family of DNA binding proteins in Arabidopsis.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 1997. 94(13): p. 7076-81
  93. Schneitz K,Baker SC,Gasser CS,Redweik A
    Pattern formation and growth during floral organogenesis: HUELLENLOS and AINTEGUMENTA are required for the formation of the proximal region of the ovule primordium in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Development, 1998. 125(14): p. 2555-63
  94. Long JA,Barton MK
    The development of apical embryonic pattern in Arabidopsis.
    Development, 1998. 125(16): p. 3027-35