PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Momordica charantia
GRF Family
Species TF ID Description
XP_022131277.1GRF family protein
XP_022132986.1GRF family protein
XP_022144719.1GRF family protein
XP_022147058.1GRF family protein
XP_022147059.1GRF family protein
XP_022147550.1GRF family protein
XP_022147551.1GRF family protein
XP_022147552.1GRF family protein
XP_022148584.1GRF family protein
XP_022152689.1GRF family protein
XP_022152690.1GRF family protein
XP_022152691.1GRF family protein
XP_022154686.1GRF family protein
XP_022154687.1GRF family protein
GRF Family Introduction

Previously, we identified a novel rice gene, GROWTH-REGULATING FACTOR1 (OsGRF1), which encodes a putative transcription factor that appears to play a regulatory role in stem elongation. We now describe the GRF gene family of Arabidopsis thaliana (AtGRF), which comprises nine members. The deduced AtGRF proteins contain the same characteristic regions--the QLQ (Gln, Leu, Gln) and WRC (Trp, Arg, Cys) domains--as do OsGRF1 and related proteins in rice, as well as features indicating a function in transcriptional regulation. Most of the AtGRF genes are strongly expressed in actively growing and developing tissues, such as shoot tips, flower buds, and roots, but weakly in mature stem and leaf tissues. Overexpression of AtGRF1 and AtGRF2 resulted in larger leaves and cotyledons, as well as in delayed bolting of the inflorescence stem when compared to wild-type plants. In contrast, triple insertional null mutants of AtGRF1-AtGRF3 had smaller leaves and cotyledons, whereas single mutants displayed no changes in phenotype and double mutants displayed only minor ones. The alteration of leaf growth in overexpressors and triple mutants was based on an increase or decrease in cell size, respectively. These results indicate that AtGRF proteins play a role in the regulation of cell expansion in leaf and cotyledon tissues.

Kim JH, Choi D, Kende H.
The AtGRF family of putative transcription factors is involved in leaf and cotyledon growth in Arabidopsis.
Plant J. 2003 Oct;36(1):94-104.
PMID: 12974814