PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Triticum aestivum
EIL Family
Species TF ID Description
TRAES3BF114600150CFD_t1EIL family protein
Traes_2AL_C76F4E089.2EIL family protein
Traes_2AS_409CAEDB6.1EIL family protein
Traes_2BL_7BE6FCE7D.1EIL family protein
Traes_2BS_647C82888.4EIL family protein
Traes_4AS_2BDA1260C.3EIL family protein
Traes_4BL_F34EBD618.1EIL family protein
Traes_4DL_C083C804E.1EIL family protein
Traes_5AL_B65EF5518.3EIL family protein
Traes_5BL_B6051DD37.2EIL family protein
Traes_5DL_62DEF8361.1EIL family protein
Traes_6AL_44D4E284B.2EIL family protein
Traes_6DL_10077D5F6.1EIL family protein
Traes_7AS_34D476D5D1.1EIL family protein
Traes_7BS_733347AC0.1EIL family protein
Traes_7DS_3673F1C73.4EIL family protein
EIL Family Introduction

The gaseous phytohormone ethylene regulates various processes related to growth, development, and stress response of higher plants. A largely linear pathway of ethylene signaling was revealed by a number of molecular genetic studies. In the pathway, Ethylene-insensitive3 (EIN3) and EIN3-like (EIL) proteins are the key transcription factors. The EIN3/EIL proteins were shown to regulate expression of the GCC-box-binding transcription factors, ethylene-response factors. It is known that the phenotype of the Arabidopsis thaliana EIN3 (AtEIN3)-deficient mutants, e.g. long seedlings in the presence of ethylene or its precursor, is suppressed by overexpression of Arabidopsis EIL1 (AtEIL1) or EIL2 (AtEIL2), indicating the functional equivalence of these proteins.

In the present study, a region corresponding to the major DBD of the EIN3/EIL transcription factor family, which is the key factor in the ethylene signaling, was identified. The isolated domain exists in a monomeric form and retained the sequence specificity for the DNA binding. The structure determined by NMR spectroscopy consists of five alpha-helices, packing into a novel fold dissimilar to known DBDs. An NMR titration analysis suggested that a region including the key mutation site, ein3-3 site, was shown to be involved in DNA binding.

Yamasaki K, Kigawa T, Inoue M, Yamasaki T, Yabuki T, Aoki M, Seki E, Matsuda T, Tomo Y, Terada T, Shirouzu M, Tanaka A, Seki M, Shinozaki K, Yokoyama S.
Solution structure of the major DNA-binding domain of Arabidopsis thaliana ethylene-insensitive3-like3.
J Mol Biol, 2005. 348(2): p. 253-64.
PMID: 15811366