PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Physcomitrella patens
AP2 Family
Species TF ID Description
Pp3c10_24550V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c10_24550V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c11_13880V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c11_13880V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c12_12460V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c12_12460V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c12_15970V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c12_16100V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24790V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24790V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24790V3.3.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24790V3.4.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24980V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24980V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24980V3.3.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24980V3.4.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_24980V3.5.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c15_4400V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c18_3900V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c18_3900V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c22_17873V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c23_13360V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c23_13360V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c5_2780V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c5_2780V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c6_21840V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c6_21840V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_17700V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_17700V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_17700V3.3.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_17700V3.4.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_17700V3.5.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_17700V3.6.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_17700V3.7.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_17700V3.8.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_18530V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c7_18530V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c9_25400V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c9_25400V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c9_25400V3.3.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c9_25400V3.4.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c9_25570V3.1.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c9_25570V3.2.pAP2 family protein
Pp3c9_25570V3.3.pAP2 family protein
AP2 Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

Genes in the AP2 family have been shown to participate in the regulation of developmental processes, e.g. flower development, spikelet meristem determinacy, leaf epidermal cell identity, and embryo development.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444

Using an in vitro selection procedure, the DNA binding specificity of the two AP2 repeat containing protein ANT was found to be 5'-gCAC(A/G)N(A/T)TcCC(a/g)ANG(c/t)-3'. This consensus site is much longer than sites recognized by proteins containing a single AP2 repeat and neither AP2 repeat of ANT was alone capable of binding to the selected sequences, suggesting that both AP2 repeats make DNA contacts.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102