PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID AT4G25480.1
Common NameATCBF3, CBF3, CRAP2, DREB1A, ERF072, M7J2.150
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
Family ERF
Protein Properties Length: 216aa    MW: 24236.1 Da    PI: 4.8673
Description dehydration response element B1A
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
AT4G25480.1genomeTAIRView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
          AP2  2 gykGVrwdkkrgrWvAeIrdpsengkrkrfslgkfgtaeeAakaaiaarkkleg 55
                  y+GVr++  +g+Wv+e+r+p   +k++r++lg+f tae+Aa+a++ a+++l+g
                 69****888.8******9998...347*************************98 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
PfamPF008473.7E-144999IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
CDDcd000186.69E-3349109No hitNo description
SuperFamilySSF541715.23E-2250109IPR016177DNA-binding domain
SMARTSM003802.1E-3150113IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PROSITE profilePS5103222.58950107IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.108.9E-3350109IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003671.4E-95162IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003671.4E-97389IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0009414Biological Processresponse to water deprivation
GO:0009631Biological Processcold acclimation
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003677Molecular FunctionDNA binding
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
Plant Ontology ? help Back to Top
PO Term PO Category PO Description
PO:0000013anatomycauline leaf
PO:0000037anatomyshoot apex
PO:0000230anatomyinflorescence meristem
PO:0000293anatomyguard cell
PO:0008019anatomyleaf lamina base
PO:0009009anatomyplant embryo
PO:0009025anatomyvascular leaf
PO:0009052anatomyflower pedicel
PO:0020137anatomyleaf apex
PO:0025022anatomycollective leaf structure
PO:0001054developmental stagevascular leaf senescent stage
PO:0001078developmental stageplant embryo cotyledonary stage
PO:0001081developmental stagemature plant embryo stage
PO:0001185developmental stageplant embryo globular stage
PO:0004507developmental stageplant embryo bilateral stage
PO:0007064developmental stageLP.12 twelve leaves visible stage
PO:0007095developmental stageLP.08 eight leaves visible stage
PO:0007098developmental stageLP.02 two leaves visible stage
PO:0007103developmental stageLP.10 ten leaves visible stage
PO:0007115developmental stageLP.04 four leaves visible stage
PO:0007123developmental stageLP.06 six leaves visible stage
PO:0007611developmental stagepetal differentiation and expansion stage
PO:0007616developmental stageflowering stage
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 216 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
3D Structure ? help Back to Top
PDB ID Evalue Query Start Query End Hit Start Hit End Description
5wx9_A6e-15481061271Ethylene-responsive transcription factor ERF096
Search in ModeBase
Expression -- UniGene ? help Back to Top
UniGene ID E-value Expressed in
At.2310.0floral meristem| flower
Expression -- Microarray ? help Back to Top
Source ID E-value
Expression AtlasAT4G25480-
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
TAIRencodes a member of the DREB subfamily A-1 of ERF/AP2 transcription factor family (CBF3). The protein contains one AP2 domain. There are six members in this subfamily, including CBF1, CBF2, and CBF3. This gene is involved in response to low temperature and abscisic acid.
UniProtTranscriptional activator that binds specifically to the DNA sequence 5'-[AG]CCGAC-3'. Binding to the C-repeat/DRE element mediates cold-inducible transcription. CBF/DREB1 factors play a key role in freezing tolerance and cold acclimation. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11798174, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16244146}.
Function -- GeneRIF ? help Back to Top
  1. The recombinant DREB1A protein bound to A/GCCGACNT more efficiently than to A/GCCGACNA/G/C.
    [PMID: 15165189]
  2. We explored the regulation of CBF1-3 by the circadian clock.
    [PMID: 15728337]
  3. Makes transgenic plants more tolerant to stress conditions.
    [PMID: 15834008]
  4. Regulon genes repressed by siz1 did not affect expression of ICE1, which encodes a MYC transcription factor that controls CBF3/DREB1A.
    [PMID: 17416732]
  5. The freezing tolerance of 38 independent transgenic potato lines was tested in vitro using plantlets transgenic for the DREB1A gene under control of the rd29A promoter.
    [PMID: 17453213]
  6. CBF1 and CBF3, but not CBF2 have a concerted additive effect to induce the whole CBF regulon and the complete development of cold acclimation
    [PMID: 18093929]
  7. Important evolutionary changes in CBF1, -2, and -3 may have primarily occurred at the level of gene regulation as well as in protein function.
    [PMID: 18990244]
  8. Data show that increase in expression expression of the cold response genes, COR15A, RD29A, and CBF3, resulting in enhanced tolerance to freezing temperatures.
    [PMID: 19363684]
  9. Overexpression of DREB1A improves stress tolerance to both freezing and dehydration while overexpression of an active form of DREB2A results in significant stress tolerance to dehydration but only slight tolerance to freezing.
    [PMID: 19502356]
  10. SOC1 Directly Represses the Expression of CBF3 Genes.
    [PMID: 19825833]
  11. Overexpression of AtDREB1A in soybean appears to enhance drought tolerance.
    [PMID: 22033903]
  12. Stress-inducible over-expression of Arabidopsis CBF3 gene may have the potential to enhance abiotic stress tolerance in oat.
    [PMID: 22325896]
  13. The results suggested that AtDREB1A could cause dwarfism mediated by GA biosynthesis pathway in soybean.
    [PMID: 23029105]
  14. Studies indicate that DREB1A (CBF3), DREB1B (CBF1) and DREB1C (CBF2) play an important role in increasing stress tolerance.
    [PMID: 23271026]
  15. A major locus harboring three cold-responsive transcription factor genes CBF1, was identified.
    [PMID: 23721132]
  16. Jasmonate functions as a critical upstream signal of the ICE-CBF/DREB1 pathway to positively regulate Arabidopsis freezing tolerance.
    [PMID: 23933884]
  17. The physiological studies revealed that the expression of AtDREB1A was associated with an increased accumulation of the osmotic substance proline, maintenance of chlorophyll, increased relative water content and decreased ion leakage under drought stress.
    [PMID: 24398893]
  18. Potato plants ectopically expressing AtCBF3 exhibited enhanced tolerance to high temperature, which is associated with improved photosynthesis and antioxidant defence via induction of the expression of many stress-inducible genes.
    [PMID: 24811248]
  19. The results showed that the expression of the exogenous AtCBF3 and AtCOR15A could promote the cold adaptation process to protect eggplant plants from chilling stress.
    [PMID: 25103420]
  20. These results indicate the implicit influence of rd29A::DREB1A on mechanisms underlying water uptake, stomatal response, transpiration efficiency and rooting architecture in water-stressed plants.
    [PMID: 25326370]
  21. unified ICE-CBF pathway provides transcriptional feedback control of freezing tolerance during cold acclimation
    [PMID: 26311645]
  22. Data indicate that the C-repeat binding factor (CBF) locus includes three genes - CBF1, CBF2 and CBF3 (AT4G25480) - that are induced by low temperature and encode transcription factors.
    [PMID: 26369909]
  23. RDM4 is important for Pol II occupancy at the promoters of CBF2 and CBF3.
    [PMID: 26522658]
  24. the three CBF genes together are required for cold acclimation and freezing tolerance.
    [PMID: 27252305]
  25. This study reveals the essential functions of C-repeat binding factors (CBF) in chilling stress response and cold acclimation, as well as defines a set of genes as CBF regulon.
    [PMID: 27353960]
  26. The Arabidopsis thaliana gene DREB1A/CBF3, encoding a stress-inducible transcription factor. Ectopic expression of AtDREB1A in Salvia miltiorrhiza resulted in increased drought tolerance and increased photosynthetic rate when subjected to drought stress.
    [PMID: 27485523]
  27. CBFs play an important role in the trade-off between cold tolerance and plant growth through the precise regulation of COR genes in the complicated transcriptional network.
    [PMID: 28009483]
Binding Motif ? help Back to Top
Motif ID Method Source Motif file
Motif logo
Cis-element ? help Back to Top
Regulation -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtINDUCTION: By cold stress. Positively regulated by the transcription factor ICE1. Subject to degradation by the 26S proteasome pathway in freezing conditions (PubMed:28344081). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:28344081, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9707537, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9735350, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9952441}.
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Upstream Regulators) ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT3G23250 (R), AT3G26744 (A), AT4G25470 (R), AT5G59820 (R)
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Target Genes) ? help Back to Top
Source Target Gene (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT1G09350(A), AT1G20440(A), AT1G20450(A), AT1G20620(A), AT1G43160(A), AT1G46768(A), AT2G15050(A), AT2G42530(A), AT2G42540(A), AT3G11410(A), AT3G12580(A), AT3G50970(A), AT5G15960(A), AT5G15970(A), AT5G17490(A), AT5G25610(A), AT5G52310(A)
Regulation -- Hormone ? help Back to Top
Source Hormone
AHDsalicylic acid
Interaction ? help Back to Top
Source Intact With
Phenotype -- Mutation ? help Back to Top
Source ID
T-DNA ExpressAT4G25480
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankAF0629240.0AF062924.1 Arabidopsis thaliana transcriptional activator CBF1 homolog (CBF2) gene, complete cds.
GenBankAF0746020.0AF074602.1 Arabidopsis thaliana CRT/DRE binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankAF0761550.0AF076155.1 Arabidopsis thaliana CRT/CRE binding factor 1 (CBF1), CRT/DRE binding factor 3 (CBF3), and CRT/DRE binding factor 2 (CBF2) genes, complete cds.
GenBankEF5231050.0EF523105.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Ag-0 C-repeat binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankEF5231070.0EF523107.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Br-0 C-repeat binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankEF5231140.0EF523114.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Lip-0 C-repeat binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankEF5231150.0EF523115.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Pog-0 C-repeat binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankEF5231180.0EF523118.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Litva C-repeat binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankEF5231220.0EF523122.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Bur-0 C-repeat binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankEF5231240.0EF523124.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Rsch-0 C-repeat binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankEF5231250.0EF523125.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Sapporo-0 C-repeat binding factor 3 (CBF3) mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1692910.0FJ169291.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Ta-0 DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1692920.0FJ169292.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Bor-1 DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1692940.0FJ169294.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Mt-0 DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1692950.0FJ169295.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Gie-0 DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1692960.0FJ169296.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Po-0 DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1692970.0FJ169297.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Spr1-2 DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1692980.0FJ169298.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Lip-0 DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1693000.0FJ169300.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Di-G DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
GenBankFJ1693020.0FJ169302.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Nd-1 DRE/CRT-binding factor 3 (CBF3/DREB1a) gene, complete cds.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqNP_567720.11e-163dehydration response element B1A
SwissprotQ9M0L01e-164DRE1A_ARATH; Dehydration-responsive element-binding protein 1A
TrEMBLB2BIZ31e-162B2BIZ3_ARATH; C-repeat binding factor 3
STRINGAT4G25480.11e-162(Arabidopsis thaliana)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
Representative plantOGRP6161718
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Kasuga M,Liu Q,Miura S,Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K,Shinozaki K
    Improving plant drought, salt, and freezing tolerance by gene transfer of a single stress-inducible transcription factor.
    Nat. Biotechnol., 1999. 17(3): p. 287-91
  2. Lee H,Xiong L,Ishitani M,Stevenson B,Zhu JK
    Cold-regulated gene expression and freezing tolerance in an Arabidopsis thaliana mutant.
    Plant J., 1999. 17(3): p. 301-8
  3. Knight H,Veale EL,Warren GJ,Knight MR
    The sfr6 mutation in Arabidopsis suppresses low-temperature induction of genes dependent on the CRT/DRE sequence motif.
    Plant Cell, 1999. 11(5): p. 875-86
  4. Gilmour SJ,Sebolt AM,Salazar MP,Everard JD,Thomashow MF
    Overexpression of the Arabidopsis CBF3 transcriptional activator mimics multiple biochemical changes associated with cold acclimation.
    Plant Physiol., 2000. 124(4): p. 1854-65
  5. Riechmann JL, et al.
    Arabidopsis transcription factors: genome-wide comparative analysis among eukaryotes.
    Science, 2000. 290(5499): p. 2105-10
  6. Seki M, et al.
    Monitoring the expression pattern of 1300 Arabidopsis genes under drought and cold stresses by using a full-length cDNA microarray.
    Plant Cell, 2001. 13(1): p. 61-72
  7. Park JM, et al.
    Overexpression of the tobacco Tsi1 gene encoding an EREBP/AP2-type transcription factor enhances resistance against pathogen attack and osmotic stress in tobacco.
    Plant Cell, 2001. 13(5): p. 1035-46
  8. Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K,Shinozaki K
    Improving plant drought, salt and freezing tolerance by gene transfer of a single stress-inducible transcription factor.
    Novartis Found. Symp., 2001. 236: p. 176-86; discussion 186-9
  9. Sakuma Y, et al.
    DNA-binding specificity of the ERF/AP2 domain of Arabidopsis DREBs, transcription factors involved in dehydration- and cold-inducible gene expression.
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2002. 290(3): p. 998-1009
  10. Taji T, et al.
    Important roles of drought- and cold-inducible genes for galactinol synthase in stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Plant J., 2002. 29(4): p. 417-26
  11. Hao D,Yamasaki K,Sarai A,Ohme-Takagi M
    Determinants in the sequence specific binding of two plant transcription factors, CBF1 and NtERF2, to the DRE and GCC motifs.
    Biochemistry, 2002. 41(13): p. 4202-8
  12. van Buuren ML,Salvi S,Morgante M,Serhani B,Tuberosa R
    Comparative genomic mapping between a 754 kb region flanking DREB1A in Arabidopsis thaliana and maize.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2002 Mar-Apr. 48(5-6): p. 741-50
  13. Guo Y,Xiong L,Ishitani M,Zhu JK
    An Arabidopsis mutation in translation elongation factor 2 causes superinduction of CBF/DREB1 transcription factor genes but blocks the induction of their downstream targets under low temperatures.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2002. 99(11): p. 7786-91
  14. Cheong YH, et al.
    Transcriptional profiling reveals novel interactions between wounding, pathogen, abiotic stress, and hormonal responses in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 129(2): p. 661-77
  15. Hsieh TH, et al.
    Heterology expression of the Arabidopsis C-repeat/dehydration response element binding factor 1 gene confers elevated tolerance to chilling and oxidative stresses in transgenic tomato.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 129(3): p. 1086-94
  16. Seki M, et al.
    Monitoring the expression profiles of 7000 Arabidopsis genes under drought, cold and high-salinity stresses using a full-length cDNA microarray.
    Plant J., 2002. 31(3): p. 279-92
  17. Gong Z, et al.
    RNA helicase-like protein as an early regulator of transcription factors for plant chilling and freezing tolerance.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2002. 99(17): p. 11507-12
  18. Fowler S,Thomashow MF
    Arabidopsis transcriptome profiling indicates that multiple regulatory pathways are activated during cold acclimation in addition to the CBF cold response pathway.
    Plant Cell, 2002. 14(8): p. 1675-90
  19. Choi DW,Rodriguez EM,Close TJ
    Barley Cbf3 gene identification, expression pattern, and map location.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 129(4): p. 1781-7
  20. Haake V, et al.
    Transcription factor CBF4 is a regulator of drought adaptation in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 130(2): p. 639-48
  21. Dubouzet JG, et al.
    OsDREB genes in rice, Oryza sativa L., encode transcription activators that function in drought-, high-salt- and cold-responsive gene expression.
    Plant J., 2003. 33(4): p. 751-63
  22. Shen YG, et al.
    An EREBP/AP2-type protein in Triticum aestivum was a DRE-binding transcription factor induced by cold, dehydration and ABA stress.
    Theor. Appl. Genet., 2003. 106(5): p. 923-30
  23. Chinnusamy V, et al.
    ICE1: a regulator of cold-induced transcriptome and freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis.
    Genes Dev., 2003. 17(8): p. 1043-54
  24. V
    The cold-regulated transcriptional activator Cbf3 is linked to the frost-tolerance locus Fr-A2 on wheat chromosome 5A.
    Mol. Genet. Genomics, 2003. 269(1): p. 60-7
  25. Boyce JM, et al.
    The sfr6 mutant of Arabidopsis is defective in transcriptional activation via CBF/DREB1 and DREB2 and shows sensitivity to osmotic stress.
    Plant J., 2003. 34(4): p. 395-406
  26. Takagi T, et al.
    The leaf-order-dependent enhancement of freezing tolerance in cold-acclimated Arabidopsis rosettes is not correlated with the transcript levels of the cold-inducible transcription factors of CBF/DREB1.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2003. 44(9): p. 922-31
  27. Catala R, et al.
    Mutations in the Ca2+/H+ transporter CAX1 increase CBF/DREB1 expression and the cold-acclimation response in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2003. 15(12): p. 2940-51
  28. Seki M, et al.
    RIKEN Arabidopsis full-length (RAFL) cDNA and its applications for expression profiling under abiotic stress conditions.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2004. 55(395): p. 213-23
  29. Chinnusamy V,Schumaker K,Zhu JK
    Molecular genetic perspectives on cross-talk and specificity in abiotic stress signalling in plants.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2004. 55(395): p. 225-36
  30. Magome H,Yamaguchi S,Hanada A,Kamiya Y,Oda K
    dwarf and delayed-flowering 1, a novel Arabidopsis mutant deficient in gibberellin biosynthesis because of overexpression of a putative AP2 transcription factor.
    Plant J., 2004. 37(5): p. 720-9
  31. Novillo F,Alonso JM,Ecker JR,Salinas J
    CBF2/DREB1C is a negative regulator of CBF1/DREB1B and CBF3/DREB1A expression and plays a central role in stress tolerance in Arabidopsis.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2004. 101(11): p. 3985-90
  32. Kasuga M,Miura S,Shinozaki K,Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K
    A combination of the Arabidopsis DREB1A gene and stress-inducible rd29A promoter improved drought- and low-temperature stress tolerance in tobacco by gene transfer.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2004. 45(3): p. 346-50
  33. Maruyama K, et al.
    Identification of cold-inducible downstream genes of the Arabidopsis DREB1A/CBF3 transcriptional factor using two microarray systems.
    Plant J., 2004. 38(6): p. 982-93
  34. Zhang JZ,Creelman RA,Zhu JK
    From laboratory to field. Using information from Arabidopsis to engineer salt, cold, and drought tolerance in crops.
    Plant Physiol., 2004. 135(2): p. 615-21
  35. Pellegrineschi A, et al.
    Stress-induced expression in wheat of the Arabidopsis thaliana DREB1A gene delays water stress symptoms under greenhouse conditions.
    Genome, 2004. 47(3): p. 493-500
  36. Knight H,Zarka DG,Okamoto H,Thomashow MF,Knight MR
    Abscisic acid induces CBF gene transcription and subsequent induction of cold-regulated genes via the CRT promoter element.
    Plant Physiol., 2004. 135(3): p. 1710-7
  37. Qin F, et al.
    Cloning and functional analysis of a novel DREB1/CBF transcription factor involved in cold-responsive gene expression in Zea mays L.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2004. 45(8): p. 1042-52
  38. Gilmour SJ,Fowler SG,Thomashow MF
    Arabidopsis transcriptional activators CBF1, CBF2, and CBF3 have matching functional activities.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2004. 54(5): p. 767-81
  39. Vogel JT,Zarka DG,Van Buskirk HA,Fowler SG,Thomashow MF
    Roles of the CBF2 and ZAT12 transcription factors in configuring the low temperature transcriptome of Arabidopsis.
    Plant J., 2005. 41(2): p. 195-211
  40. Fowler SG,Cook D,Thomashow MF
    Low temperature induction of Arabidopsis CBF1, 2, and 3 is gated by the circadian clock.
    Plant Physiol., 2005. 137(3): p. 961-8
  41. Oh SJ, et al.
    Arabidopsis CBF3/DREB1A and ABF3 in transgenic rice increased tolerance to abiotic stress without stunting growth.
    Plant Physiol., 2005. 138(1): p. 341-51
  42. Lee BH,Henderson DA,Zhu JK
    The Arabidopsis cold-responsive transcriptome and its regulation by ICE1.
    Plant Cell, 2005. 17(11): p. 3155-75
  43. Cao S,Ye M,Jiang S
    Involvement of GIGANTEA gene in the regulation of the cold stress response in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell Rep., 2005. 24(11): p. 683-90
  44. Alonso-Blanco C, et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses of natural variation indicate CBF2 as a candidate gene for underlying a freezing tolerance quantitative trait locus in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2005. 139(3): p. 1304-12
  45. Vergnolle C, et al.
    The cold-induced early activation of phospholipase C and D pathways determines the response of two distinct clusters of genes in Arabidopsis cell suspensions.
    Plant Physiol., 2005. 139(3): p. 1217-33
  46. Ito Y, et al.
    Functional analysis of rice DREB1/CBF-type transcription factors involved in cold-responsive gene expression in transgenic rice.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2006. 47(1): p. 141-53
  47. Nakano T,Suzuki K,Fujimura T,Shinshi H
    Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
    Plant Physiol., 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32
  48. Zhao TJ, et al.
    Regulating the drought-responsive element (DRE)-mediated signaling pathway by synergic functions of trans-active and trans-inactive DRE binding factors in Brassica napus.
    J. Biol. Chem., 2006. 281(16): p. 10752-9
  49. Xiong Y,Fei SZ
    Functional and phylogenetic analysis of a DREB/CBF-like gene in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.).
    Planta, 2006. 224(4): p. 878-88
  50. Sakuma Y, et al.
    Functional analysis of an Arabidopsis transcription factor, DREB2A, involved in drought-responsive gene expression.
    Plant Cell, 2006. 18(5): p. 1292-309
  51. Dong CH,Agarwal M,Zhang Y,Xie Q,Zhu JK
    The negative regulator of plant cold responses, HOS1, is a RING E3 ligase that mediates the ubiquitination and degradation of ICE1.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2006. 103(21): p. 8281-6
  52. Hua ZM,Yang X,Fromm ME
    Activation of the NaCl- and drought-induced RD29A and RD29B promoters by constitutively active Arabidopsis MAPKK or MAPK proteins.
    Plant Cell Environ., 2006. 29(9): p. 1761-70
  53. Agarwal M, et al.
    A R2R3 type MYB transcription factor is involved in the cold regulation of CBF genes and in acquired freezing tolerance.
    J. Biol. Chem., 2006. 281(49): p. 37636-45
  54. Hong B, et al.
    Heterologous expression of the AtDREB1A gene in chrysanthemum increases drought and salt stress tolerance.
    Sci. China, C, Life Sci., 2006. 49(5): p. 436-45
  55. Xin Z,Mandaokar A,Chen J,Last RL,Browse J
    Arabidopsis ESK1 encodes a novel regulator of freezing tolerance.
    Plant J., 2007. 49(5): p. 786-99
  56. Qin F, et al.
    Regulation and functional analysis of ZmDREB2A in response to drought and heat stresses in Zea mays L.
    Plant J., 2007. 50(1): p. 54-69
  57. Miura K, et al.
    SIZ1-mediated sumoylation of ICE1 controls CBF3/DREB1A expression and freezing tolerance in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2007. 19(4): p. 1403-14
  58. Behnam B, et al.
    Arabidopsis rd29A::DREB1A enhances freezing tolerance in transgenic potato.
    Plant Cell Rep., 2007. 26(8): p. 1275-82
  59. Zhao J,Ren W,Zhi D,Wang L,Xia G
    Arabidopsis DREB1A/CBF3 bestowed transgenic tall fescue increased tolerance to drought stress.
    Plant Cell Rep., 2007. 26(9): p. 1521-8
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