PlantTFDB
PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
GRF Family
Species TF ID Description
XP_024963013.1GRF family protein
XP_024967174.1GRF family protein
XP_024967175.1GRF family protein
XP_024969875.1GRF family protein
XP_024971912.1GRF family protein
XP_024978574.1GRF family protein
XP_024980214.1GRF family protein
XP_024986192.1GRF family protein
XP_024986193.1GRF family protein
XP_024986194.1GRF family protein
XP_024986700.1GRF family protein
XP_024986974.1GRF family protein
XP_024993196.1GRF family protein
XP_024995436.1GRF family protein
XP_024995683.1GRF family protein
XP_024996796.1GRF family protein
XP_024996797.1GRF family protein
GRF Family Introduction

Previously, we identified a novel rice gene, GROWTH-REGULATING FACTOR1 (OsGRF1), which encodes a putative transcription factor that appears to play a regulatory role in stem elongation. We now describe the GRF gene family of Arabidopsis thaliana (AtGRF), which comprises nine members. The deduced AtGRF proteins contain the same characteristic regions--the QLQ (Gln, Leu, Gln) and WRC (Trp, Arg, Cys) domains--as do OsGRF1 and related proteins in rice, as well as features indicating a function in transcriptional regulation. Most of the AtGRF genes are strongly expressed in actively growing and developing tissues, such as shoot tips, flower buds, and roots, but weakly in mature stem and leaf tissues. Overexpression of AtGRF1 and AtGRF2 resulted in larger leaves and cotyledons, as well as in delayed bolting of the inflorescence stem when compared to wild-type plants. In contrast, triple insertional null mutants of AtGRF1-AtGRF3 had smaller leaves and cotyledons, whereas single mutants displayed no changes in phenotype and double mutants displayed only minor ones. The alteration of leaf growth in overexpressors and triple mutants was based on an increase or decrease in cell size, respectively. These results indicate that AtGRF proteins play a role in the regulation of cell expansion in leaf and cotyledon tissues.

Kim JH, Choi D, Kende H.
The AtGRF family of putative transcription factors is involved in leaf and cotyledon growth in Arabidopsis.
Plant J. 2003 Oct;36(1):94-104.
PMID: 12974814