PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Theobroma cacao
TCP Family
Species TF ID Description
Thecc1EG003652t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG003652t2TCP family protein
Thecc1EG005447t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG006249t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG007700t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG008601t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG008601t2TCP family protein
Thecc1EG011752t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG011874t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG012252t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG012252t2TCP family protein
Thecc1EG013943t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG014288t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG015054t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG016161t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG017259t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG018809t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG018809t2TCP family protein
Thecc1EG019518t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG022197t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG022798t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG022798t2TCP family protein
Thecc1EG022798t3TCP family protein
Thecc1EG029442t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG029442t2TCP family protein
Thecc1EG029442t3TCP family protein
Thecc1EG029442t4TCP family protein
Thecc1EG029442t5TCP family protein
Thecc1EG031706t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG036394t1TCP family protein
Thecc1EG042116t1TCP family protein
TCP Family Introduction

The TCP gene family was first described in 1999, as a small group of plant genes encoding proteins sharing the socalled TCP domain, a 59-amino acid basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) motif that allows DNA binding and protein-protein interactions. This domain was initially identified in four proteins encoded by apparently unrelated genes, from which the name 'TCP' was derived: teosinte branched1 (tb1) from maize (Zea mays), CYCLOIDEA (CYC) from snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus), and the PROLIFERATING CELL FACTORS 1 and 2 (PCF1 and PCF2) from rice (Oryza sativa). The tb1 gene is a major determinant of strong apical dominance in domesticated maize. CYC is involved in the control of floral bilateral symmetry in Antirrhinum. PCF1 and PCF2 are factors that bind to the promoter of the rice PROLIFERATING CELL NUCLEAR ANTIGEN (PCNA) gene, which encodes a protein involved in DNA replication and repair, maintenance of chromatin structure, chromosome segregation and cell-cycle progression.

TCP genes have been found in various plant species, and new roles in plant development have been elucidated. These discoveries emphasize the importance of this plant-specific gene family in the evolution and developmental control of plant form.

Martin-Trillo M, Cubas P.
TCP genes: a family snapshot ten years later.
Trends Plant Sci, 2010. 15(1): p. 31-9.
PMID: 19963426