PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Oryza brachyantha
AP2 Family
Species TF ID Description
OB0046G10040.1AP2 family protein
OB01G43640.1AP2 family protein
OB02G31260.1AP2 family protein
OB02G39430.1AP2 family protein
OB03G15730.1AP2 family protein
OB03G19620.1AP2 family protein
OB03G42600.1AP2 family protein
OB03G45870.1AP2 family protein
OB04G25060.1AP2 family protein
OB04G34410.1AP2 family protein
OB04G34790.1AP2 family protein
OB05G11530.1AP2 family protein
OB05G22940.1AP2 family protein
OB05G31600.1AP2 family protein
OB06G12730.1AP2 family protein
OB06G29960.1AP2 family protein
OB06G31060.1AP2 family protein
OB07G11390.1AP2 family protein
OB07G16010.1AP2 family protein
OB08G14470.1AP2 family protein
OB08G23780.1AP2 family protein
OB09G17420.1AP2 family protein
OB11G11380.1AP2 family protein
OB12G11690.1AP2 family protein
AP2 Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

Genes in the AP2 family have been shown to participate in the regulation of developmental processes, e.g. flower development, spikelet meristem determinacy, leaf epidermal cell identity, and embryo development.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444

Using an in vitro selection procedure, the DNA binding specificity of the two AP2 repeat containing protein ANT was found to be 5'-gCAC(A/G)N(A/T)TcCC(a/g)ANG(c/t)-3'. This consensus site is much longer than sites recognized by proteins containing a single AP2 repeat and neither AP2 repeat of ANT was alone capable of binding to the selected sequences, suggesting that both AP2 repeats make DNA contacts.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102