PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Glycine soja
SBP Family
Species TF ID Description
KHN00233.1SBP family protein
KHN00315.1SBP family protein
KHN01962.1SBP family protein
KHN03238.1SBP family protein
KHN04162.1SBP family protein
KHN05617.1SBP family protein
KHN05763.1SBP family protein
KHN07414.1SBP family protein
KHN08505.1SBP family protein
KHN09340.1SBP family protein
KHN09887.1SBP family protein
KHN09987.1SBP family protein
KHN10892.1SBP family protein
KHN15202.1SBP family protein
KHN15472.1SBP family protein
KHN16851.1SBP family protein
KHN18030.1SBP family protein
KHN18285.1SBP family protein
KHN18377.1SBP family protein
KHN19594.1SBP family protein
KHN23675.1SBP family protein
KHN23974.1SBP family protein
KHN24058.1SBP family protein
KHN24765.1SBP family protein
KHN25069.1SBP family protein
KHN26311.1SBP family protein
KHN26375.1SBP family protein
KHN28074.1SBP family protein
KHN28179.1SBP family protein
KHN28285.1SBP family protein
KHN29773.1SBP family protein
KHN29960.1SBP family protein
KHN31114.1SBP family protein
KHN32551.1SBP family protein
KHN33103.1SBP family protein
KHN34486.1SBP family protein
KHN36651.1SBP family protein
KHN36843.1SBP family protein
KHN37527.1SBP family protein
KHN41837.1SBP family protein
KHN44446.1SBP family protein
KHN47586.1SBP family protein
SBP Family Introduction

SQUAMOSA promoter binding proteins (SBPs) form a major family of plant-specific transcription factors related to flower development. Although SBPs are heterogeneous in primary structure, they share a highly conserved DNA-binding domain (DBD) that has been suggested to be zinc binding. Here we report the NMR solution structures of DBDs of two SBPs of Arabidopsis thaliana, SPL4 and SPL7. The two share essentially the same structural features. Each structure contains two zinc-binding sites consisting of eight Cys or His residues in a Cys3HisCys2HisCys or Cys6HisCys sequence motif in which the first four residues coordinate to one zinc and the last four coordinate to the other. These structures are dissimilar to other known zinc-binding structures, and thus represent a novel type of zinc-binding motif. The electrostatic profile on the surface suggested that a continuous region, including all the conserved basic residues, is involved in the DNA binding, the mode of which is likely to be novel as well.

Yamasaki K, Kigawa T, Inoue M, Tateno M, Yamasaki T, Yabuki T, Aoki M, Seki E, Matsuda T, Nunokawa E, Ishizuka Y, Terada T, Shirouzu M, Osanai T, Tanaka A, Seki M, Shinozaki K, Yokoyama S.
A novel zinc-binding motif revealed by solution structures of DNA-binding domains of Arabidopsis SBP-family transcription factors
J Mol Biol. 2004 Mar 12;337(1):49-63.
PMID: 15001351

SBP-box genes were first characterized as SQUAMOSA promoter binding proteins (SBPs) to regulate the expression of MADS-box genes in early flower development of A. majus (Klein et al., 1996). Since then, SBP-box genes have been identified in many plants including green alga, moss, silver birch, A. majus, Arabidopsis and maize. They play critical roles in regulating flower and fruit development as well as other physiological processes ([Moreno et al., 1997],[Eriksson et al., 2004], [Lannenpaa et al., 2004], [Arazi et al., 2005] and [Kropat et al., 2005]). It has been reported that Arabidopsis SPL3, SPL8 and SPL14 involves in flowering, sporogenesis, GA signaling and toxin resistance ([Cardon et al., 1997], [Unte et al., 2003], [Stone et al., 2005] and [Zhang et al., 2006]) while maize tga1 and tomato LeSPL-CNR affect fruit development ([Wang et al., 2005a] and [Manning et al., 2006]).

SBP-box genes encode proteins sharing a conserved DNA-binding domain of 79 amino acid residues. It has been proved that the DNA-binding domain of SBP-box genes is necessary and sufficient to bind to a palindromic GTAC core motif ([Klein et al., 1996], [Cardon et al., 1997], [Cardon et al., 1999], [Lannenpaa et al., 2004] and [Birkenbihl et al., 2005]). Studies on the NMR solution structure of the fragment of Arabidopsis SPL4 and SPL7 revealed that the DNA-binding domain of SBPs consisted of two separate zinc-binding sites. One zinc finger is C3H or C4 and the other is C2HC (Yamasaki et al., 2004 K. Yamasaki et al.,).

Guo AY, Zhu QH, Gu X, Ge S, Yang J, Luo J.
Genome-wide identification and evolutionary analysis of the plant specific SBP-box transcription factor family.
Gene. 2008 Jul 15;418(1-2):1-8.
PMID: 18495384