PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Fragaria vesca
M-type_MADS Family
Species TF ID Description
mrna00615.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna01336.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna01788.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna01789.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna02453.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna04269.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna04949.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna05180.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna05411.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna05451.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna07361.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna07364.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna07365.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna10739.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna11073.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna11233.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna11244.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna11268.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna12189.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna13358.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna14058.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna14402.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna14413.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna15090.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna15394.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna15899.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna16489.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna16491.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna16933.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna17037.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna17829.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna18029.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna18094.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna18483.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna21477.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna22916.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna22967.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna23924.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna24650.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna25618.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna25753.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna25871.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna26028.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna26429.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna27834.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna28409.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna29294.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
mrna30567.1-v1.0-hybridM-type_MADS family protein
M-type_MADS (M-type MADS) Family Introduction

The best studied plant MADS-box transcription factors are those involved in floral organ identity determination. Analysis of homeotic floral mutants resulted in the formulation of a genetic model, named the ABC model, that explains how the combined functions of three classes of genes (A, B, and C) determine the identity of the four flower organs (reviewed by Coen and Meyerowitz, 1991). Arabidopsis has two A-class genes (AP1 and AP2 [Bowman et al., 1989]), two B-class genes (PI and AP3), and a single C-class gene (AG), of which only AP2 is not a MADS-box gene. Recently, it was shown that the Arabidopsis B- and C-function genes, which control petal, stamen, and carpel development, are functionally dependent on three highly similar MADS-box genes, SEP1, SEP2, and SEP3 (Pelaz et al., 2000). Interestingly, only when mutant knockout alleles of the three SEP genes were combined in a triple sep1 sep2 sep3 mutant was loss of petal, stamen, and carpel identity observed, resulting in a flower composed of only sepals. This example shows that redundancy occurs in the MADS-box gene family, which complicates reverse genetic strategies for gene function analysis. The SHP genes provide another example of MADS-box gene redundancy. shp1 and shp2 single mutants do not exhibit any phenotypic effect, whereas in the double mutant, development of the dehiscence zone is disturbed in the fruit, resulting in a failure to release seeds (Liljegren et al., 2000)[1].

It has been proposed that there are at least 2 lineages (type I and type II) of MADS-box genes in plants, animals, and fungi. Most of the well-studied plant genes are type II genes and have three more domains than type I genes from the N to the C terminus of the protein:intervening (I) domain (~30 codons), keratin-lik e coiled-coil (K) domain (~70 codons), and Cterminal (C) domain (variable length). These genes are called the MIKC-type and are specific to plants[2].

The MADS-box is a DNA binding domain of 58 amino acids that binds DNA at consensus recognition sequences known as CArG boxes [CC(A/T)6GG] (Hayes et al., 1988; Riechmann et al., 1996b). The interaction with DNA has been studied in detail for the human and yeast MADS-box proteins thanks to the resolved crystal structures (Pellegrini et al., 1995; Santelli and Richmond, 2000). The I domain is less conserved and contributes to the specification of dimerization. The K domain is characterized by a coiled-coil structure, which facilitates the dimerization of MADS-box proteins (Davies et al., 1996; Fan et al., 1997). The C domain is the least conserved domain; in some cases, it has been shown to contain a transactivation domain or to contribute to the formation of multimeric MADS-box protein complexes (Egea-Cortines et al., 1999; Honma and Goto, 2001)[1].

1.Parenicova L, de Folter S, Kieffer M, Horner DS, Favalli C, Busscher J, Cook HE, Ingram RM, Kater MM, Davies B, Angenent GC, Colombo L.
Molecular and phylogenetic analyses of the complete MADS-box transcription factor family in Arabidopsis: new openings to the MADS world.
Plant Cell. 2003 Jul;15(7):1538-51.
PMID: 12837945
2.Nam J, dePamphilis CW, Ma H, Nei M.
Antiquity and evolution of the MADS-box gene family controlling flower development in plants.
Mol Biol Evol. 2003 Sep;20(9):1435-47. Epub 2003 May 30.
PMID: 12777513